Annex 4. The Road User And The Law

The following list can be found abbreviated throughout the Code. It is not intended to be a comprehensive guide, but a guide to some of the important points of law. For the precise wording of the law, please refer to the various Acts and Regulations (as amended) indicated in the Code. Abbreviations are listed below.

Most of the provisions apply on all roads throughout Great Britain, although there are some exceptions. The definition of a road in England and Wales is 'any highway and any other road to which the public has access and includes bridges over which a road passes' (RTA 1988 sect 192(1)). In Scotland, there is a similar definition which is extended to include any way over which the public have a right of passage (R(S)A 1984 sect 151(1)).

It is important to note that references to 'road' therefore generally include footpaths, bridleways and cycle tracks, and many roadways and driveways on private land (including many car parks). In most cases, the law will apply to them and there may be additional rules for particular paths or ways. Some serious driving offences, including drink-driving offences, also apply to all public places, for example public car parks.

The reference to 'emergency area' in the Code is an 'emergency refuge area' as defined in the Motorways Traffic (England and Wales) Regulations 1982 as amended by the Motorways Traffic (England and Wales)(Amendment)(England) Regulations 2015.

Acts and regulations are available as enacted or as amended at and are available in their original print format from The Stationery Office.

Chronically Sick & Disabled Persons Act 1970CSDPA
Functions of Traffic Wardens Order 1970FTWO
Greater London (General Powers) Act 1974GL(GP)A
Highway Act 1835 or 1980 (as indicated)HA
Motorways Traffic (England & Wales) Regulations 1982MT(E&W)R
Pedal Cycles (Construction & Use) Regulations 1983PCUR
Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981PPVA
Road Traffic Act 1984RTA
Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984RTRA
Road Vehicles (Construction & Use) Regulations 1986CUR
Roads (Scotland) Act 1984R(S)A
Environmental Protection Act 1990EPA
Horses (Protective Headgear for Young Riders) Act 1990H(PHYR)A
Horses (Protective Headgear for Young Riders) Regulations 1992H(PHYR)R
Motor Cycles (Eye Protectors) Regulations 1999MC(EP)R
Motor Cycles (Protective Helmets) Regulations 1998MC(PH)R
Motorways Traffic (England & Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2004 or 2018 (as indicated)MT(E&W)(A)R
Motorways Traffic (England & Wales) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2015MT(E&W)(A)(E)R
Motorways Traffic (Scotland) Regulations 1995MT(S)R
Motorways Traffic (Scotland) (Amendment) Regulations 2004 or 2018 (as indicated)MT(S)(A)R
Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences) Regulations 1999MV(DL)R
Motor Vehicles (Variation of Speed Limits) (England & Wales) Regulations 2014MV(VSL)(E&W)
Motor Vehicles (Wearing of Seat Belts) Regulations 1993MV(WSB)R
Motor Vehicles (Wearing of Seat Belts) (Amendment) Regulations 2005 or 2006 (as applicable)MV(WSB)(A)R
Motor Vehicles (Wearing of Seat Belts by Children in Front Seats) Regulations 1993MV(WSBCFS)R
New Roads and Streetworks Act 1991NRSWA
Pedal Cycles (Construction & Use) Regulations 1983PCUR
Police Reform Act 2002PRA
Private Crossings (Signs and Barriers) RegulationsPC(SB)R
Prohibition of Smoking in Certain Premises (Scotland) Regulations 2006. Scottish SI 2006/No 90TPSCP(S)R*
Road Safety Act 2006RSA
Road Traffic Act 1984, 1988 or 1991 as indicatedRTA
Road Traffic Act 1988 (Prescribed Limit)(Scotland) Regulations 2014PLSR
Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act 1995RT(ND)A
Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988RTOA
Road Vehicles (Construction and Use)(Amendment)(No 4) Regulations 2003CUR(A)(No4)R
Road Vehicles (Display of Registration Marks) Regulations 2001RV(DRM)R
Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989RVLR
Road Vehicles (Registration & Licensing) Regulations 2002RV(R&L)R
Sentencing Act 2020SA
Smoke-free (Exemptions and Vehicles) Regulations 2007 SI 2007/765TSf(EV)*
Smoke-free Premises etc (Wales) Regulations 2007 SI 2007/W787TSfP(W)R*
Smoke-free (Private Vehicles) Regulations 2015S-f(PV)R
Smoke-free Premises etc (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2015S-f(W)R
Smoking Prohibition (Children in Motor Vehicles) (Scotland) Act 2016SP(CIMV)(S)A
Traffic Management Act 2004TMA
Traffic Signs Regulations & General Directions 2002TSRGD
Traffic Signs Regulations & General Directions 2016TSRGD 2016
Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulations 1988UICHR
Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994VERA
Zebra, Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossings Regulations and General Directions 1997ZPPPCRGD

*Specific legislation applies to smoking in vehicles which constitute workplaces.

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